Ps 45:1 My heart is overflowing with a good theme; I recite my composition concerning the King; my tongue is the pen of a ready writer.
:2 You are fairer than the sons of men; grace is poured upon Your lips; therefore God has blessed You forever.
:3 Gird Your sword upon Your thigh, O Mighty One, with Your glory and Your majesty.
:4 And in Your majesty ride prosperously because of truth, humility, and righteousness; and Your right hand shall teach You awesome things.
:5 Your arrows are sharp in the heart of the King's enemies; the peoples fall under You.
:6 Your throne, O God, is forever and ever; a scepter of righteousness is the scepter of Your kingdom.
:7 You love righteousness and hate wickedness; therefore God, Your God, has anointed You with the oil of gladness more tha Your companions.
:8 All Your garments are scented with myrrh and aloes and cassia, out of the ivory palaces, by which they have made You glad.
:9 Kings' daughters are among Your honorable women; at Your right hand stands the queen in gold from Ophir.
:10 Listen, O daughter, consider and incline your ear; forget your own people also, and your father's house;
:11 so the King will greatly desire your beauty; because He is your Lord, worship Him.
:12 And the daughter of Tyre will come with a gift; the rich among the people will seek your favor.
:13 The royal daughter is all glorious within the palace; her clothing is woven with gold.
:14 She shall be brought to the King in robes of many colors; the virgins, her companions who follow her, shall be brought to You.
:15 With gladness and rejoicing they shall be brought; they shall enter the King's palace.
:16 Instead of Your fathers shall be Your sons, whom You shall make princes in all the earth.
:17 I will make Your name to be remembered in all generations; therefore the people shall praise You forever and ever.
This is headed as The Glories of the Messiah and His Bride
There are many ways to interpret this psalm.
- The psalm was composed as a love song to exalt the love of King Solomon for his bride.
- It is also clear that the author looked beyond Solomon to the King of Israel, the Lord God.
- We as Christians have come to know God as Jesus Christ, so this psalm is also a messianic psalm that pictures Israel's future Messiah.
The “bride” in the psalm can be viewed in three ways:
- Originally the bride referred to one of Solomon's wives, perhaps the first wife, the wife of his youth and of his heart.
- The bride of the King can also be understood as the Old Testament nation of Israel. The Lord often refers to Himself as Israel's bridegroom.
- It can also be applied to the New Testament church, the bride of Christ.
The psalm is a hymn about the majesty of Christ and His marriage to a bride. Four aspects of Jesus' majesty are emphasized:
- First about Christ the man – verse 2. The King in the psalm was a man, but He was more than a man, He came to the world with a message of grace; He is blessed by God forever.
- Second was Christ the King – verse 3. It simply confirms what all the rest of scripture teaches that Jesus is King over all.
- Third is Christ the Lord – verse 6. King is a title of majesty. This King, this Man, is called God.
- Finally the Messiah was pictured as Christ the Bridegroom – verses 13-15). Christ has chosen a bride and He has made the bride perfect and clothed her in the costliest garments. The day will soon come when Jesus will step out of heaven and claim His bride as His own. He is not just Lord of all; He is the lover of our souls.